Do NOT try to take chances if you or your immediate family members have symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, headaches and suffered palpitas of rapid heart rate, strong or irregular. ” / p> Signs of the initial siren that tells a person suffering from coronary artery disease.
Coronary artery disease refers to narrowing and blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the heart through the accumulation of fat and cholesterol. ” / p> “This process is called coronary atherosclerosis that causes poor blood circulation, myocardium infarction anoksia and necrosis.
” In severe cases, patients can die due to cardiac arrest or sudden known as a heart attack, “said consultant cardiologist, Professor Dr. Sim Kui Hian.added, a person suffering from coronary artery disease is also usually will feel pain in the chest, such as rib-himpit squeezed and there are also a pain in the left hand, elbow and stomach.
Kui Hian told, coronary artery disease occurs when there is accumulation of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances in the blood known as plaque.
When the plaque is accumulated it is called coronary atherosclerosis.
“This plaque accumulation occurs in a long time and when it hardens, the arteries are clogged causing poor blood circulation.
” This condition is called atherosclerosis. This causes narrowing of the coronary arteries that send oxygenated blood to the heart muscle resulting in reduced chest pain or angina pectoris, “he said.According to Kui Hian, if plaque is prevented in whole or in breach of the coronary arteries, it can lead to heart attack (myocardial infarction).
major cause of disease risk factors are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, smoking, diabetes, sedentary lifestyle and family history.
In order to track person suffering from coronary artery disease, a doctor will do some diagnosis such as an electrocardiogram (ECG), treadmill exercise test, Echocardiography, Myocardial Perfusion Scan, Cardiac Computed Tomography (CCT), Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CMR), Cardiac catheterization and coronary angiogram .
“In general, the doctor will select the therapeutic solutions according to the disease and health condition of patients after making an accurate diagnosis of coronary artery disease. “Changes in lifestyle such as quitting smoking, diet and adequate exercise has helped in the recovery of the disease artery disease, “he said.
He said, at present, therapeutic method used to treat coronary artery disease is a medical treatment, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), better known as balloon angioplasty and coronary bypass surgery.
There are various types of stent used in angioplasty technique that uses a bare metal stent (BMS), drug-eluting stent (DES) and bio-engineered stent (BES).Normally, treatment options based on factors determined by the symptoms the patient. In most cases, if the artery is blocked less than 70 percent, then the drug will be the first line treatment option. If surgery is required, BES is a stent that is suitable for all patients.
Installation stent offers solutions for specific patient groups such as those requiring surgery in the short term, patients who can not use Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), which involves taking medical treatment agents such as aspirin and blood dilution agent for the long antiplatlet long time and the elderly.
Patients who underwent stent treatment can include normal life by making aerobic exercise.However, patients with coronary artery had to do a stress test first before they begin an exercise program to measure their ability to exercise. “They are advised to exercise was accompanied by others and not alone after first few months of treatment.
“A healthy lifestyle such as quitting smoking, healthy diet and exercise regularly is very important to maintain a healthy heart,” he said.
First, heart disease only attacks individuals aging, the situation is different as the individuals aged under 50 years also face the risk of the disease.
According to Kui Hian, that happens as a result of unhealthy lifestyle , no exercise, obesity, smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
“The disease is caused by an unhealthy lifestyle.“To avoid this disease, we need to adopt a healthy lifestyle such as reducing your intake of foods high in fat, cholesterol and salt, do not smoke, reduce stress and regular exercise,” advice.
In the meantime, Hindon Abdul Aziz, 55, did not realize at all that he suffered from coronary artery disease until he makes a full medical examination recommended by the work.
After performing a treadmill stress test, doctors told that Hindon have cardiovascular problems and recommend treatment blocked angioplasty.
“Members of my family many died of heart related diseases like high cholesterol and stroke.
“A month too I decided to make angioplasty. Angioplasty procedure takes about an hour, “he said.After installation stent, doctors advise him to make a change in diet. “can not eat seafood because of the high kolesterolnya content, oily and santan other healthy lifestyle such as not smoking. ” If you do not abstain, it is possible that channel is blocked again. When your friends know I have problems with this disease, many suggest that eating green apples, celery, lemon and green tea, “he said. Asked about the treatment of many traditional medicines practiced by some communities, Hindon told warned doctors not to mix the medication with traditional medicine doctors.
“There is no doubt after being diagnosed with the disease, the family changed my diet and rarely eat out as before.
” Now, look only fat people eat a plate full of rice I was afraid. First learned of this disease, I no longer eat nasi lemak and converted to a chapatti, “he said, which now provides food using boiled, steamed and grilled.Personally, Hindon told, the medical examination at least once a year is very important.
“It is better to know than not know at the beginning and a sudden heart attack.
” To this day, every weekend once the after dawn, my husband and I are gardening to produce sweat, “he was bringing the articles of the coronary arteries.
- clogged arteries
- Hindon Abdul Aziz