quick but careful motion, fingers half-century women did not stop the thread binding loseng white with plastic strap waterproof.
bond that combines description tens of wool should be neatly and securely fastened so closely tied not entered the water.Based on a picture black and white in front, thread binding process is repeated elsewhere until plastic ropes that form a pattern such as bamboo shoots worse. “The thread must be bound in the order specified. Upon completion of the binding work, these threads are dyed with natural dyes extracted from certain plants. ” Division will not be tied to contact with the dye. When the plastic strap ties is open, it will produce the pattern on the threads, “says a skilled weaver kumbu pua, Shirley Vilin Ikok. Scholarships kumbu a traditional woven fabrics of the Iban community in Sarawak. It is considered works exclusively and only used at specific times.
pua word meaning blanket while kumbu is covered or cloth to shelter from the cold or hot. In the past, women Iban pua weaving kumbu on a number of purposes including to celebrate the ‘Antu nutmeg’ which refers to the head, skull or ghost successful enemy’s head cut off by her husband or their boyfriend after going to war or hunting.
In addition, it is also used in bath ritual, marriage, and death rituals related ngayau.
People Iban pua also believe the use of cloth during the ceremony medication can be self-healer shield wall of disorders and diseases affected by disasters.
According to a study from a group of researchers at the Faculty of Applied and Creative Arts, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, led by Anna Durin, pua kumbu has its own mystical side as it is believed can heal the sick and the shield from evil spirits.
Tie the dip
Cain is produced from woven yarn and yarn feed loseng that diragamhiaskan decorative modes using the world’s oldest textile tie-and-dip technique.
“Yarn loseng a long string and then spun included in the weaving tool called K. Weft thread is the thread that followed into the yarn from the left or right loseng weavers.“It sounds like easy, but the process of preparing woven yarn before it can be quite complicated. ” weavers have to calculate each pieces of yarn tied to the pattern previously produced a uniform, “said Shirley, who is also Coordinator Weaving Pua Kumbu at Tun Jugah Foundation, located in Kuching, Sarawak.
Has over 20 years experience in the field of woven pua kumbu, Shirley said, pua cloth can be produced with large size.
” size is dependent on the size of the device tight weave that is used in the back. Usually woven pua traditional kumbu will be cut and sewn together in the middle to make the width and length.“If you come across a similar fabric woven pua kumbu but their small size, the Iban cloth tie, not pua kumbu,” he said. Add Shirley, tie and dip process sometimes takes time many months, depending on the selected pattern. Work weave of the estimated normal size 186×45 cm, can take up to 30 working days. “motif or pattern woven pua designs are usually taken from old kumbu. However, there are skilled weavers can weave their own patterns before,” he said. For an expert weaving, Siah Tun Jugah Son, 80, complex patterns usually come from other dream inspired inspiring environment, representation of gods and the courage of the Iban. motive
“Before, a weaver like patterns of animals, people and a picture of a deity, but today there are many new design concept and geometry of flowers.
“complexity any design pattern, the weaver usually has some color.“Some people only use two colors but different degrees of brightness. ” Normally weaver will use the color red, bright red, brown, black, white and blue-gray, “said the second the leader Iban respected enough, Tun Jugah.
The fauna shaped motif that is often used, including leeches, leeches, crocodiles, lizards, centipedes, scorpions, birds and snakes.
” A motif can have its own translation understood only by the Iban.“Bird, for example, it represents an effort that will benefit.
” tiger motif and mice are usually chosen because of the strength, firmness and courage that is in these animals, “he is preparing another famous textile heritage of Sarawak, songket cloth.
Citing research findings Anna Gurin and his group, entitled Influence Ngayau Or Headhunting In The Creation Motif-Motif Textiles Community Scholarships Kumbu the Iban, the motives are exhibited in the past as researchers books written under the title Datin Margaret Linggi Ties That Bind, the motives ngayau connection is used.
“If we see in terms of the shape of the motives we quite difficult to identify clearly the names of the motif as it is woven in the abstract.“branding motif depends on the inspiration received by the weavers. ” Because the only person who knew the weavers and weaving culture can understand the meaning of that stored in the motif. “However, ngayau influence can still be identified in pua weaving kumbu. ” Among them, the motive Lelanjang Bungai Nuing, Gumbang Besimpan, Antu analTnical Pala, Lang Harvest, Pinch Fire and motives Meram elephant, “said Anna Durin.
Lelanjang Bungai Nuing Motif created and named after the god of war influence is believed to live in the supernatural and the place of residence is named Panggau Gegiau Takang Isang Libau by the Iban community.
Lelajang mean god head ornaments Bungai Nuing, a mighty war god, daring and like to talk big.
In addition, he also likes to lead other gods when going into battle or ngayau. Trusted Nuing Bungai also have had many enemies head.
“Apart from the strong and brave to beat the enemy, he can also appear to help people who need them Iban if adored,” said Anna again. To produce these patterns, rituals tilt needs to be done in advance as symbolic seek blessings from the gods that motives chosen to be woven.
“Platter filled with cake placed under K during the process of weaving and menyongket.“Italic is done so that what goes well, the thread is not broke, do not run and the pattern of the weave is not evil as caught his hand, stuck sharp objects and back pain,” Jalak Ibok said Rebecca, 64. Today, kumbu pua weaving traditions are seldom practiced. In addition to home made jewelry, pua cloth patterns is also used as traditional clothing such as skirts, jackets and cloth loincloths for men.
- pua kumbu
- pua kumbu bungai nuing
- yarn string in kuching