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disease attacks, natural disasters, wars and large-scale transfer of population decline factor
/> DATE October 31, 2011 new to the world of recorded history when the population reaches the earth recorded seven billion people. The figure is expected to increase to 9.3 billion people in 2050 and more than 10 billion people by 2100.
The increase is worrying some, even the United Nations (UN) has warned that growth will lead to heavy pressure to the source of the planet, unless urgent action is taken to control the growth rate.
At the same time, there are countries that population lack even very surprising amount of less than 100 people – perhaps more than some small number of villages in the country.
Based on several statistics including the UN issued 10 years ago, more than 12 countries classified as state less people. If there is no population growth, only a minimum with the expectation for the next five years shows the population continues to decline.
The question is, why it is still considered a country when its population size equal to a small village and the population factors these countries become too small?
In addition to fertility problems often associated with world population growth, other factors that cause a country’s population decline is the threat of infectious diseases, wars, the impact of natural disasters and large-scale population migration.
This week Rona collects information at least 10 countries, mostly inhabitants of small islands located in isolated colonies and the major powers.
Have you ever heard the name of the country, Pitcairn Islands? Perhaps this is the first time you hear the name. Did you know that this island is the least populated country in the world. This country has only 67 people only.
Based on total population, the country is also a country that practices democracy system of the world’s smallest. Until July 2011, the country still under British colonies comprising four volcanic islands located in the southern Pacific Ocean. Four of the island is Pitcarn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno.
Only Pitcairn Island inhabited only. Historically, the original inhabitants of Pitcairn Island is the Bounty Mutineers’ (Rebel Bounty) sailors of the British warship called ‘Bounty’ who rose up against and take over the ship due to dissatisfaction with their captain who was particularly brutal.
Bounty is sailing towards the island of Pitcairn in 1970 accompanied by 18 senior Tahiti (6 men, 11 women and a baby) who is a prisoner in the Bounty voyage. After successfully landing on the island, their act was to burn the ship Bounty. Until now, the ruins of this ship can still be seen from the surface of the water in the Gulf of the Bounty and the story is told in several films such as Mutiny of the Bounty.
In 1937, the Pitcairn Islands has a total of 233 people registered, but many who moved out of the country, especially New Zealand other than die from alcohol abuse, social problems and murderers.
In 2009, recorded a small country, there are about 45 people only. Political system on Pitcairn Island will be a colony with a representative of the democratically elected parliament in which the Mayor appointed the head of the Government. Rule center is located in Auckland, New Zealand, but the military and security is the responsibility of the British Government.
Known as a small country but Pitcairn Islands contains many natural resources but also well-known and highly productive agricultural activities such as planting bananas, papayas, pineapples, mangoes, melons, oranges, coconut, sugar cane and others. The island is also famous in tourist activities, but 80 percent of annual income population of Pitcairn Island contributed this sector.
2. Vatican City
/> UN statistics issued until 12 April and showed Vatican City in Rome, Italy, is a country that is recognized as the ‘independence’ the smallest and least populated in the world, 460 people.
It has a land area of 44 hectares (110 acres). Areas located within the territory of Vatican City is Square St. Peter, the Basilica of St. Peter and the Apostolic Palace. Region surrounded by a wall which is also the international border between the Vatican City in Italy.
Of this city was formed in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty signed Catero Gaspari representing the roman catholic church administration center and Benito Mussolini, representing the Government of Italy .
Vatican City is a city of museums, and parks remains of the Roman Empire World Heritage declared by Unicef. Financial resources of this country is due to the contribution, known as Peter’s Pence donated by individuals or companies Roman Catholics from all over the world.
Some income is generated through the sale of stamps, souvenir sales, and revenue collection of the museum publication. This country does not have highways, railways or airports.
Following is a landlocked country surrounded by the city of Rome, the country is completely dependent on the infrastructure provided by Italy to the entrance to Vatican City . Vatican City is the administrative center of the world’s Roman Catholic Church. Head of the country is Pope Benedict XVI.
/> 3. ISLANDS COCOS (Keeling)
/> Australia’s territory is located in the Indian Ocean, the western part of Christmas Island or, more precisely located in the middle of the route from Australia to Sri Lanka close to Indonesia. Has a population of 596 people where 80 percent of them are Muslims and speak Malay and English. />
consists of two atoll islands and 27 coral islands, but do not have clean water from rivers or lakes. Population rely on groundwater supply and rainwater catchment. The capital of the Cocos (Keeling) is stopped while the largest settlement is the village Bantam (New Selma).
Rule is based on the islands of the Cocos Islands (Keeling) Islands in 1955 and is subject to Australian law . The islands are administered from Canberra by the Attorney General’s (before 29 November 2007 administration of the Department of Infrastructure and Transport conducted), the non-resident administrator appointed Governor-General. />
Latest Administrator is Neil Lucas, who was appointed on January 30 , 2006. He was also appointed Administrator of Christmas Island. Both this region was part of the Overseas Territory of Australia. This island also has a fleet of its own polisnya. However, aspects of the defense of the islands, still under the responsibility of the Australian government. />
The main economic activities are tourism, such as water sports, scuba diving and nature. A small part of the island’s working population of small farms and fishing for food supply. The bulk of the food supply is obtained from Australia and elsewhere.
4. TOKELAU National />
this island was still under the control of New Zealand and is located in the South Pacific Ocean. Island with an area of 10 square kilometers of land consists of three coral islands (Atoll) tropical inhabited by 1.151 people, most of them are of Polynesian natives.
Tokelau /> name comes from the Polynesian language which means ‘North Wind’. Found in 1877 and 1889, Britain officially to raise the Union Jack in Tokelau and declared the country under the colony. In 1926, the Government of Tokelau submitted to New Zealand and the process for independence started in 2004 and to date have yet to have an independent status.
Tokelau declared Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the United States as a country with an economy the smallest in the world. All expenses for government business Tokelau completely dependent on subsidies from the New Zealand government. Tokelau’s main exports are straw, oil and handicraft items. Average life expectancy is 69 years old population
/> 5. CHRISTMAS ISLAND
/> is a colony of Australia after obtaining the consent of the transfer of power from the UK government in 1957. Located in the Indian Ocean or, more precisely in southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. The location is also not far from the Cocos Islands.
Noted the population of Christmas Island is about 1,403 people is 70 percent Chinese, 20 percent European and 10 per cent Malays. Most residents live in the north of the island such as Flying Fish Village, Silver City, Poon national and Drumsite.
Total land area is about 135 square kilometers and almost two-thirds of the island was gazetted as a forest park by Government of Australia. Often receive foreign tourists, especially from Indonesia because it is very close to the country. Economic activities on the island are mining and tourism.
/> Niue is also the island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. Also known as “Rock of Polynesia ‘and the people of this island is nicknamed the’ Rock ‘. Its location is 2.400 kilometers in the northeast of New Zealand and was in the middle line of the triangular shaped three islands of Tonga (southwest), Samoa (northwest) and the Cook Islands (southeast).
Total land area is about 260 square kilometers that is home to a majority of 1.496 inhabitants Polynesian settlers. Recognized as independent states, but the funny thing is, the reins of this small island nation called ‘free association’ with New Zealand. This means that New Zealand still have a little influence and sovereignty in governing the country. />
The main factor that causes this condition is that all residents holding citizenship Niue New Zealand and the Queen Elizabeth II became the ruler of New Zealand is also the Chief country to Niue. Much of diplomatic relations often make New Zealand representing the Government of Niue. About 95 percent of people living in New Zealand Niue.
In 2003, Niue became a Wifi country where free WiFi access throughout the country by the Niue Internet Users Society. Niue economic activities are agriculture, mining and tourism and is known for sports rugby, golf, soccer and bowling field.
7. NORFOLK ISLAND
/> this small island country located in the Pacific Ocean located between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia, and some colonies of Australia. However, people have more freedom in the state administration. In 2011, the population of this island is 2.302 people and recorded a negative population growth rate since 2001 (2.601 persons).
The majority of the island is a European (British) or hybrid descendants who came from Tahiti and Australia New Zealand. Some people have a family history that comes from the Pitcairn Islands. Economic activity is tourism although the island does not have any railway facility, canal or port.
Pier loader can only be found in Kingston and Cascade. However, ships of burden can not be docked at the jetty. Of goods can only be unloaded using a smaller boat loader.
However, the island has to use the airport facilities and passenger aircraft carriers. Alignment of islands along the road about 80 kilometers (km) with 27 km of unpaved. Attractive on the island, cattle have the privilege of priority access roads (Right of Ways) and other road users must obey. “
/> 8. Falkland ISLAND
/> island is located in the south-west Atlantic and South America. This country became a colony of Britain since 1833, but until now it was up for grabs between Britain and Argentina. Falklands war between Argentina and Britain erupted in 1982 and lasting up to two months. />
This war end with the withdrawal of Argentine forces. The UN estimates the population of 2.955 Falkland Islands on 12 April. The main inhabitants are the descendants of British, French, and Scandinavian Gibralta. The population growth rate between 1851 to 1911 recorded an increase from 287 people to 2.272 inhabitants.
However, it has dropped between 1931 to 1980 from 2.392 to 1.813 the effect of the tension between the UK government in Argentina, which followed war in 1982. In 2006, the population growth rate increased again to 2.094 people in the population due to migration from the UK, Saint Helena and Chile.
9. Svalbard and Jan Mayen
/> Both these islands are under the government colony since 1925 Norway (Svalbard) and 1929 (Jan Mayen). Until 12 April, the UN recorded a total population of both islands is 3.431 people. Discovered Svalbard in Norway race the 12th century and used as base whaling activities of the 17th century and the 18th.
Norway recognized as the sovereign right of this island in 1920. Five years later, officially taking over the kingdom. Svalbard Islands are located in the northern part of Europe, on the island between the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, Norwegian Sea and is located in the northern part of Norway.
Salvabard is an island that had a bucket that is always cool climate all year round and most of the mountains are always covered with ice. The main economic activity is coal mining, tourism and the International Arctic Research Center. Agreement on 9 February 1920 gives rights to 41 countries to take mined in Svalbard are subject to the terms and conditions attached to the Norwegian government.
Most people in this island of coal mine workers. Jan Mayen is a volcanic island is located north of Europe in the Arctic Ocean adjacent to the Norwegian Sea and Greenland Sea, in the north-east of Iceland. The island has no permanent residents, and was named a captain of a whale hunter Dutchman who discovered this island in 1614.
Beerenberg volcano on the island is identified as an active volcano which sits north of the world. This volcano became active in 1970 and the latest explosion occurred in 1985. However, reliable sources of Jan Mayen has the potential of many fish and is said to have potential oil reserves under the sea has yet to be explored.
10. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
/> Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha is an island country’s three major clusters of the island of Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha island. These islands are formed from volcanic activity associated with the ‘Atlantic Mid-Ocean Ridge. “
Pulai /> The population is African (50 percent), white (25 percent) and China ( 25 per cent). The UN recorded on 12 April, this country’s official population is 4.250 people. />
Primary occupation is fishing population, livestock and handicrafts. About 25 percent of its population out to seek employment in the islands near and the UK. The situation is expected to continue and will reduce the population.