ON WALL … fence on the stairs for safety reasons.
CHILDREN is a unique group. Despite their cries can seem to break windows because of falling ill while playing, but shortly after the crying stopped, these little guys can run and play again like nothing happened.This is an advantage, especially children who small they easily forget the pain. It is not surprising if the child is particularly vulnerable to accidents at home that may cause injury.
In one study, Singapore recorded a 56.4 per cent of cases of injury or an emergency involving a child. Although no cases of injury data for children at home in our country, but it more or less the same scenario. Wounds, skin abrasions, bleeding, bruising and swelling are so sour salt for a child’s life.
According to Abdul Rasheed Doad from Singapore First Aid Training Centre, parents need to learn first aid skills as the probability of is used at home is very high.
They say, do not smell bad, so better be ready to do not panic and can act quickly if untoward incidents occur in front of them.
/> Why emergency on children’s home children differ from adults? This is due to several factors:
Degree burns between adults with children is not the same.
For example, if the place burns (eg boiling water ) size A4 paper, in adults it is not a big problem, but in children may be more serious cases.
/> normal and emergency assistance
Abdul Rasheed said that among the emergency cases in children are common in homes are:
This method is very important because the bleeding does not stop the little ones can be life threatening because of the amount of blood in their bodies a bit.
If the size of a large wound, and bleed a lot, trace the wound with a clean cloth
and immediately brought to the clinic or hospital nearby.
“Some parents ask, if the hand injury, will hand be lifted high (to reduce blood flow). This method can be done but it shows that it does not help reduce bleeding.
What is important is pressure on the wound to stop bleeding, “he said at a seminar organized by the health of Tropicana Medical Centre.
Why should tilt the body forward and not lean while tilting the head, as is commonly practiced by the first? If tilting the body backwards feared this blood will flow into the respiratory tract (and reach the lungs) or the gastrointestinal tract and reach the stomach. Influx of blood into the stomach also has effects which are not good because it can make the child vomit.
If the bleeding does not stop after 10 minutes, take the child to the clinic. It can be especially dangerous to children who have problems of low number of blood platelets. You can also press them ice packs on the nose to stop the bleeding child.
In this regard, Abdul Rasheed reminds parents to never rub or massage the bruised part with any balm or oil. If the bruise on large and very sick children, it may indicate fractures. Sequence will only worsen the situation.
Tickle his feet to see the reaction. Ask family members call an ambulance (dial 999). Tilt your head a bit and try to hear the sound of breathing or see the movement of his chest. Techniques to do this in 10 seconds.
If he is not breathing, ready to provide emergency aid. Place two fingers (middle finger and sweet) in the middle of his chest and hit a total of 30 times. Press a depth of four centimeters (one and a half inches).
Open his mouth and blow air into the child’s mouth until you see the chest rise, but do not blow too hard. Give two bellows. Repeat this technique until the child is aware or get help.
/> Head injury
/> Consultant Paediatric and Neonatalogi, Dr Narayanan said Anushree , head injury is more common in children and adolescents, but most are mild and do not cause brain damage and long-term complications.
Very rarely occur in the home of head injury resulting in serious complications or bleeding in the brain.
Among the causes of head injury are falls, motorcycle accidents, accidents while walking or cycling, sports injuries and violence. However, every head injury is there risk of injury to the brain. However, the risk depends on several factors as shown below.
/> Low risk of brain injury occurs if:
/> high risk of brain injury if:
/> signs and symptoms of head injury
If the child falls and cries loud, it’s a good sign because it only affects the outside of the head only. It does not matter if she cries long as important he is conscious. You need not worry if your children faint, though only for a few seconds because the signs are not good.
/> When parents have to worry about?
/> All parents worry when their children head banging hard. They will be more worried when I heard loud cries of children and do not stop.
As mentioned above, crying in the conscious state a good sign because it did not involve injury to the brain. />
Children, especially those small still remember the pain experienced during the fall. Usually after a stop crying, they will wake up and playing again. However, parents need to worry when a child shows symptoms such as:
If your child is experiencing the above symptoms hurry to the hospital. Usually your child will be detained in hospital to allow doctors to monitor for the next 24 hours.
/> Must be X-ray or CT at the head of your child?
This is subject to the condition. Usually the doctor will only recommend X-ray if it is a bump or a blood clot in your little head. CT scans are only done if the emerging signs of concern.
If not, this scan is not necessary because each scan there is a risk of radiation. />
You should know that the CT scan radiation is 20 times higher compared with X-rays.
/> Prevention of accidents at home
/> There are many things you can do to prevent accidents and injuries at home . Among the simple steps include: